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Baby Termites

The lifecycle of the termite begins with mating flight. Wherein swarming winged reproductive males and females. Leave established colonies and procreate. After fertilization winged termites land. Shed their wings going on to form new colonies. These insects then become the king. Queen termites of their newly established colonies. The Queen and King termites are at the center. The termite lifecycle and are responsible for reproduction. The king his main join life is to mate with the Queen. Also through chemical secretions known as pheromones. He and the Queen determine how many of their offspring develop. Into workers soldiers or reproductive in five years a king. Queen can grow the colony into a million termites. The Queen her only job is to lay eggs she is fed by the workers along with the king. She also secretes the pheromone that controls specialization in the colony. Queen can live for 25 years. More reported to reach a production of more than 2000 Baby Termites eggs a day eggs.

After the fertilized queen lays her eggs they hatch into pale white larvae eggs hatch. Into larvae and molt to develop. Into workers soldiers and primary or secondary reproductive. the Queen can lay from several hundred to several thousand. Every day the eggs take about thirty days to hatch into larvae. These immature termites are fed through the salivary glands of the king. Later by other mature worker termites based on chemical messages received from. The Queen and King the larvae will develop into one of five specialties throughout several molds. These larvae grow to assume a role in one of the three termite colony castes workers. Soldiers and reproductive termites are also known as elate NIMS. An intermediate stage nymphs are destined. Become one of two types of reproductive termites while they wait. They help in the care of the larvae and the king and queen and the nymph is a young termite. That is going through molds a process of shedding. 

Baby Termites

Its exoskeleton to become a reproductive first a termite develops a soft exoskeleton. Under its current hard exoskeleton then once the termite has reached maturity. Its outermost skeleton splits open and the new exoskeleton enlarges and hardens. This molting process continues throughout a termite's lifecycle. Based on the colony's needs workers. The bread and butter of the colony they forage for food heat would feed the Queen. The king and the saw lighters and care for the larvae Baby Termites they are sterile soldiers. They can’t you would so others must feed them. But they can kill if the colony comes under attack. The soldiers / with their oversized mandibles and emit a thick glue-like substance. That immobilizes invaders winged reproductive rural eighths and a mature. Colony thousands of nymphs. Will develop wing pads and become wing reproductive they grow long fragile wings. Feed themselves waiting for the swarming season the winged reproductive reach maturity. When the time is right headed to the sky on moss creating. The familiar and dreaded swarming ritual. They fly away from their home colony toward any light source. Then fall to the ground d late sonly 1% of the tens of thousands of elates survived the process of leaving. The colony landing and looking for abating those. That survived will pair offbeat their wings from. Their bodies and begin highly structured mating rituals. New royalty in the rare instance when would water. The matched set of delights come together they may themselves become king and queen a new colony is born.

That lump on the side of this tree in the Amazon? It’s packed with termites. In the rainforest, that's a good thing. They break down wood into stuff other creatures can eat. But inside our homes, termites are pests. They cost us billions of dollars of damage every year. Take these damp wood termites that live on the cool California coast. Baby Termites They eat wood that’s wet or decayed, maybe from a leak in your house. Slowly, but surely, they gnaw and scrape away. What comes out the other end isn’t waste. It serves as a kind of mortar. And dried poop pellets make perfect building blocks for their nests. In other words, they’re turning your house into theirs. What’s amazing is that they can digest wood, which is so hard, and get nutrients out of it. We certainly can’t do that. Termites are one of the only animals that can. It turns out they don’t do this alone. Researchers are looking inside termites to figure out. who’s responsible for this feat. At the Exploratorium, in San Francisco. museum biologists give the insect a little puff of carbon dioxide. When it’s nice and relaxed, the termite poops itself. Under the microscope, multitudes appear. 

Hundreds of species of microbes live packed inside a termite’s gut. About one one-thousandth of a teaspoon. This big one is called Trico nymph. It’s not an animal, plant, or fungus. It’s a protest. Watch it move with the help of its flagella. Protests like Trichina mph are essential for termites to turn the wood into a source of energy. They do this by fermenting the wood, much the same way a brewer turns grain into beer. Something else is hidden deep in the termite’s gut. A powerful bacterium that combines nitrogen from the air. Calories from the wood to make protein. That’s like turning a potato into a steak. Termites can’t live without their microbes. And many of these microbes can’t live outside the termite. So what if we used the microbes against their hosts? Right now, when we want to get rid of termites, we fumigate our houses with poison. But maybe we could just kill the protist instead. Louisiana State University entomologists are engineering a gut bacterium to kill gut protests. They’d sneak the bacteria into the termite colony on something the termites would eat. The bacteria would kill the protests that help the termite's digest wood. Leaving them surrounded by food but starving. Hi there. It’s Amy. One other thing about termites and their microbes: termites aren’t born with them. Adults feed babies a kind of starter kit when they’re little. The same way human moms give their babies good microbes in their breast milk.

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